Cumulative Grading System In Philippines – Grading System

A grading system measures the student’s performance about what the student achieved. Two main grading systems are used: the cumulative grading system in Philippines & the Average grading system in the Philippines. Both are used to measure the student’s performance but have different scales of measure. In this article, we will explore the cumulative grading system in philippines in detail.

Cumulative Grading System In The Philippines

Also Check: GWA Calculator

The Cumulative Grading System

When it comes to the “cumulative grading system” it means something different from the usual way of figuring out grades. Usually, Your grade is calculated by averaging all your scores. But in the cumulative system, however, adds up all the total possible and actual points you earned.

Let’s take an example of the cumulative grading system in Philippines if you completed three assignments and achieved scores of 80 out of 100, 75 out of 100, and a perfect 90 out of 100, the regular average would be approximately 81.6. However, when using the cumulative approach, you add all the potential points (300) and the points you gained (245). It still results in an 81.6 grade.

It’s important to note a minor difference between these two methods. When calculating the average, it’s like 81.6 repeating, which might seem puzzling. Yet, with the cumulative system, it’s a straightforward 81.6. In the end, both methods are nearly identical and yield similar results.

The Average grading system

When it comes to the average grading system ( K to 12), A student’s grade for a specific time is the middle score of all the grades they got before and now. Then, the average grade will be converted into the letter grade according to the grade value and the rules of that specific educational organization.

  • 1.0 = Excellent
  • 1.5 = Very Good
  • 2.0 = Good
  • 2.5 = Satisfactory
  • 3.0 = Passed
  • 4.0 = Conditional Failure
  • 5.0 = Failed
  • DRP = Dropped
  • EXT = Extended

Difference Between Average & Cumulative Grading System

The grade point average & the cumulative grading system are ways to measure academic success in school. The difference in both of them is that the grade point average is calculated for one term or semester of the year & the cumulative average is assigned over the academic career of the individual at that particular school. 

The average for GWA and cumulative GWA is based on grades given for each subject taken and the number of credit hours specified for those courses over the specified term. You can also check the difference between GPA Vs GWA.

 What Is Cumulative Grading System In Philippines – A Brief Video


In Conclusion, the article has highlighted the Cumulative Grading System in Philippines and how it uniquely measures students’ performance. Unlike the usual method, where grades are based on averages, the Cumulative System adds up all the points possible and earned by students.

 The article also briefly described the Average Grading System, which calculates a student’s grade as the middle point between past and present grades.

Also Check: University Of The Philippines Grading System


What is the cumulative grading system?
The cumulative grading system adds up all the points you could get and the ones you got in different assignments. It’s different from regular grading, where they just find an average. This way, they look at all your work together.

Can a teacher combine both averaging and cumulative methods in their grading systems?
A teacher’s grading system should be transparent, brief, and make sense for students and parents to comprehend.

How is cumulative grading different from averaging?
In averaging, they add up your scores and divide by how many there are. But with cumulative grading, they add up all the possible points and the points you got, which can give a different result.

Is cumulative grading more accurate?
It’s not about accuracy; it’s about seeing your progress from a different viewpoint.

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